What is HMAC-SHA1 challenge response? (2024)

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What is challenge-response method?

In computer security, challenge-response authentication is a set of protocols used to protect digital assets and services from unauthorized users, programs or activities. While challenge-response authentication can be as simple as a password, it can also be as dynamic as a randomly generated request.

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How do you respond to the YubiKey challenge?

HMAC-SHA1 Challenge-Response (recommended)

Select Challenge-response and click Next. Generate a secret key by clicking Generate, and copy it somewhere (this will be needed later for KeePass setup). If desired, check Require touch. Click Finish, and confirm if prompted.

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What happens when I touch my YubiKey?

The YubiKey has an integrated touch-contact that triggers the OTP generation. Generated OTPs are sent as keystrokes by the emulated keyboard, thereby allowing the OTPs to be received by any text input field or command prompt.

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Why do I need to touch YubiKey?

On a computer, insert the YubiKey into a USB-port and touch the YubiKey to verify you are human and not a remote hacker.

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How do you use challenge response authentication?

The simplest example of a challenge–response protocol is password authentication, where the challenge is asking for the password and the valid response is the correct password. An adversary who can eavesdrop on a password authentication can then authenticate itself by reusing the intercepted password.

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What is challenge response token?

Challenge Response Security Token. SolidPass is a security token that supports Challenge Response Authentication. A challenge response is a series of steps in which one party presents a question ("challenge") and another party must provide a valid answer ("response") in order to be verified or authenticated.

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What does FIDO2 stand for?

FIDO2 is the umbrella term for a passwordless authentication open standard developed by the Fast Identity Online (FIDO) Alliance, an industry consortium comprised of technology firms and other service providers.

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How does YubiKey generate code?

The YubiKey is a device that makes two-factor authentication as simple as possible. Instead of a code being texted to you, or generated by an app on your phone, you press a button on your YubiKey. That's it. Each device has a unique code built on to it, which is used to generate codes that help confirm your identity.

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Where do I find my YubiKey token ID?

Obtaining the YubiKey token ID (a.k.a. public ID)

One is by removing the last 32 characters of any OTP (One Time Password) generated with your YubiKey. Another is by using the modhex calculator.

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Can YubiKey be compromised?

The U2F feature of YubiKey wasn't compromised by the vulnerability. The vulnerability is real and still exists. There was even someone in this HN thread that was planning to use an old key fob Arstechnica sent him, specifically for the OpenPGP feature.

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How long does a YubiKey last?

A: We don't artificially limit the life-span of any YubiKey. The internals of the YubiKey's security algorithms currently limits each key to 30+ years of usage. The Yubikey is powered by the USB port and therefore requires no battery and there is no display on it that can break.

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What happens if YubiKey is stolen?

If you lose your Yubikey, you can still use your phone authenticator app, but you cannot create a backup Yubikey. However, Yubikey also provides methods to recover your account, so you can get a replacement. An advantage to Yubikey is that it comes on a USB that cannot be identified.

What is HMAC-SHA1 challenge response? (2024)
Does YubiKey replace password?

FIDO2 offers expanded authentication options including strong single factor (passwordless), strong two factor, and multi-factor authentication. With these new capabilities, the YubiKey can entirely replace weak static username/password credentials with strong hardware-backed public/private-key credentials.

Does YubiKey need to stay plugged in?

Do I need to keep my yubikey plugged in all the time? A. No, you only need to insert your yubikey when you are prompted to do so during login. Leaving it plugged in could result in the yubikey being lost or damaged.

How many keys can YubiKey store?

FIDO2 - the YubiKey 5 can hold up to 25 resident keys in its FIDO2 application. OATH (Yubico Authenticator) - the YubiKey 5's OATH application can hold up to 32 OATH-TOTP credentials (AKA authenticator app codes).

What is challenge phrase authentication?

Challenge-response authentication uses a cryptographic protocol that allows to prove that the user knows the password without revealing the password itself. Using this method, the application first obtains a random challenge from the server.

What is Hmac in security?

Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC) is a message authentication code that uses a cryptographic key in conjunction with a hash function. Hash-based message authentication code (HMAC) provides the server and the client each with a private key that is known only to that specific server and that specific client.

What is a challenge and response environment?

In a good Challenge and Response environment, everybody feels free to question assumptions and actions, and positive responses are normal. Here, we are dealing with challenging concepts. By concepts, we mean our mental picture, the understanding and assumptions about a situation.

What is a challenge code?

– The Challenge Code is a code that you choose – not something you have to receive via email, phone call, or text. – With this feature, you will avoid having to receive and enter an access code each time you login. • Setting up your Challenge Code is simple, and will only take a few moments.

What is MD5 challenge response?

In EAP MD5-Challenge, the RADIUS server sends a random challenge to the client. The client forms an MD5 hash of the user's password and the challenge and sends the result back to the server. The server then validates the MD5 hash using the known correct plaintext password from the user database.

How is a challenge response protocol utilized with token device implementation?

How is a challenge/response protocol utilized with token device implementations? This protocol is not used; cryptography is used. The token challenges the user for a username and password. An authentication service generates a challenge, and the smart token generates a response based on the challenge.

What is the difference between FIDO and FIDO2?

FIDO2 stands for Fast Identity Online 2 and is also referred to as “The New Passwordless Standard.” The original FIDO was created by the FIDO Alliance to require better authentication standards for passwords and logins.

How do FIDO2 keys work?

The FIDO protocols use standard public key cryptography techniques to provide stronger authentication. During registration with an online service, the user's client device creates a new key pair. It retains the private key and registers the public key with the online service.

Why is FIDO more secure?

FIDO protocols use standard public key cryptography techniques to secure user authentication. All communications are encrypted and private keys never leave users' devices, which lessens the chances of someone discovering them during transmission.

Who owns YubiKey?

Yubico founder and CEO, Stina Ehrensvard, speaks with SearchSecurity at RSAC 2017 about FIDO authentication and how Google uses it to secure logins and cut costs.

Can someone else use my YubiKey?

' It is secure, unless a MITM sniffs multiple authentication codes. If the phone is lost or stolen, the likelihood of anyone's being able to use the authenticator is practically nil, because they'll be unable to unlock the phone.

Does YubiKey store data?

Each function on the YubiKey can only accept and store data in the proper format for securely authenticating with the various supported validation protocols. All loaded information is stored in the secured EEPROM in the memory space allocated with the applications utilizing the data.

How do I get my secret key from YubiKey?

YubiKey 4 Series

To get your API key, click here and enter a valid email address along with the Yubico OTP from any of your YubiKeys, and click Get API Key. The page displayed provides you with your generated Client ID (otherwise known as the AuthID or API ID) and the generated API key (Secret Key).

What type of YubiKey do I have?

To identify the version of YubiKey or Security Key you have, use YubiKey Manager, which will show you the model, firmware version, and serial number of your device.

What companies use YubiKey?

Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Twitter, and Facebook use YubiKey devices to secure employee accounts as well as end user accounts. Some password managers support YubiKey. Yubico also manufactures the Security Key, a similar lower cost device with only FIDO2/WebAuthn and FIDO/U2F support.

Can you hack a security key?

But researchers have now shown that it is possible to clone keys -- given the key, a few hours, and thousands of dollars. Researchers from security firm NinjaLab have managed to make a clone of a Google Titan 2FA security key. The process makes use of a side-channel vulnerability in the NXP A700X chip.

Why is YubiKey the best?

Over years of testing, they've proven to be as durable as the Security Keys, and they have the same excellent documentation. The YubiKey 5 Series models can be more than twice the price of the Yubico Security Keys, but their robust compatibility with more devices and accounts makes them worth the higher price.

Is YubiKey a cold wallet?

Customers are now able to shift cryptocurrency security from complicated cold-wallet storage at the coin level to a much simpler, and stronger method at the exchange level. Customers use YubiKey s to secure critical transactions like trades and transfers using YubiKey's strong yet simple security.

Does YubiKey work with banks?

Many Bank of America online banking users that have a YubiKey, can now register their security key for account sign-in two-factor authentication (2FA) as well as setting up the Secured Transfer feature to add an extra layer of physical security to their online account.

Is YubiKey a USB?

Yubico - YubiKey 5 NFC - Two Factor Authentication USB and NFC Security Key, Fits USB-A Ports and Works with Supported NFC Mobile Devices - Protect Your Online Accounts with More Than a Password.

Is a security key worth it?

Security keys are cheap, easy to use, put an end to phishing attacks, and are less hassle and much more secure than SMS-based two-factor authentication. And the good news these days is that you can get security keys in a variety of formats: USB-A and USB-C, Lightning for iPhone users, and even keys that use Bluetooth.

Do I need a password manager with YubiKey?

The YubiKey works with Password Safe to protect your passwords using two-factor authentication (2FA). Both a master password and a YubiKey are needed to enable access to your Password Safe file, which contains the usernames, websites, passwords and other information for all of your online accounts.

What is my YubiKey PIN?

Technical details about the YubiKey PIV implementation. The default PIN code is 123456. The default PUK code is 12345678. The default 3DES management key (9B) is 010203040506070801020304050607080102030405060708.

Can I use a YubiKey to log into Windows?

Microsoft accounts

Your Microsoft Account can be configured to use strong authentication using the YubiKey to websites that support Microsoft Account sign-in. However, a YubiKey cannot be used in conjunction with signing into your computer using a Microsoft Account.

How do you stop YubiKey?

Disabling the OTP interface will prevent the YubiKey from emitting an OTP when touched. Note that if you have configured the YubiKey with a challenge-response credential, or to emit a static password or OATH-HOTP when touched, that will also be disabled since those features also require the OTP interface.

Does KeePass support YubiKey?

KeePass is a free, open source password manager that supports strong, hardware-backed YubiKey two-factor authentication, enabling users to easily and efficiently protect their accounts from takeovers.

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